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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO);
The purpose of this report is to help mobilize the concrete and concerted actions required to realize these global agendas. It contributes to a common understanding of the major long-term trends and challenges that will determine the future of food security and nutrition, rural poverty, the efficiency of food systems, and the sustainability and resilience of rural livelihoods, agricultural systems and their natural resource base.
Appalachian Regional Commission;
This data brief was produced by Appalachian Sustainable Agriculture Project (ASAP) for the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) to establish baseline data on trends in local food systems in the Appalachian Region. The tabular and graphic contents of the brief show trends in the Region's food and farm sector between 2007 and 2012, including comparisons between regional and state groupings of counties, ARC counties to their relative states, and the Appalachian Region to national statistics. The purpose of this brief is to provide an overview of trends in data; it is not an analysis of the causes or potential effects of changes over time.All data for this report come from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) Census of Agriculture. The Census of Agriculture provides a crucial source of information on national agricultural trends, collecting uniform data at state and county levels every five years. Nevertheless, the Census of Agriculture is limited in that it does not provide contextual, qualitative information to explain data trends particularly at smaller local and/or regional scales. Therefore, the data in this document should be viewed in light of this limitation - it is just one source of information that can be used to document changes in agriculture in the Appalachian Region.
First Nations Development Institute;
A local food system includes all actions involved in the production, processing, transport, consumption and regulation of food. It also includes perceptions, understandings and values assigned to food within a given community. Prior to contact with Europeans, Native peoples had self-sufficient and sustainable food systems that persisted since time immemorial. Over time, removal from traditional homelands, limited access to traditional food sources, transitions to cash economies, and language loss, among other things, weakened tribal food systems. Today, many Native communities and households are food insecure, dependent on outside food sources, and maintain a diet of Western foodstuffs that are often linked to negative and deteriorating health, community and economic outcomes.Recognizing that the loss of self-sufficient food systems is a contributing factor to the myriad of issues Native communities face today, First Nations Development Institute (First Nations) works with and supports Native American communities in reclaiming local food-system control. Local food-system control is foundational to reversing years of colonization that aimed to destroy cultural and traditional belief systems and dismantle Native social and economic systems that were intricately connected to local food systems. If Native communities can control local food systems, food can become a driver for cultural revitalization, improving community health and well-being, and economic development.
Headwaters Group Philanthropic Services;
Making strategic and effective grantmaking decisions is not easy. It requires thoughtful analysis. To bring new information and wisdom to philanthropy supporting sustainable agriculture and food system reform, the W.K. Kellogg Foundation (Kellogg) and the funder collaborative Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems Funders (SAFSF) commissioned Headwaters Group Philanthropic Services (Headwaters) to collect and synthesize funding and trends data. The goal in tracking funding trends is to understand who is giving within the community, to what issues, and at what levels. This comprehensive overview is intended to help funders understand gaps and ways to fill them, opportunities for leveraging resources, and ways to build successful strategic alliances with public and private partners. Headwaters worked in collaboration with Virginia Clarke, SAFSF's coordinator, to create this report. It builds on and compares information created in a 2003 funding analysis undertaken by Headwaters while at the same time creating a new baseline of information and a streamlined process that will allow for easier tracking and more in-depth analysis.
First Nations Development Institute;
Since 2012, First Nations Development Institute, with generous support from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, has been implementing a multi-faceted national strategy that seeks to build a sustainable movement in Native communities to address food systems, food insecurity and food deserts. The signature component of this effort is the Native Agriculture and Food Systems Initiative (NAFSI). This evaluation report describes the activities and outcomes of the effort from 2012 through 2014, and provides additional social networking and cluster analyses.
Community Food Security Coalition;
This report highlights a variety of approaches for supporting the success of limited resource farmers and ranchers. It features examples from the work of 14 organizations that directly support limited resource producers, and summaries of 36 state and local government policies and practices that support these producers, sometimes indirectly. This publication will be especially valuable to organizations working with limited resource producers (or other local and family-scale farmers), Food Policy Councils, and advocates working on farm policy issues at the local and state levels. It was authored by Martin Bailkey and produced by the Food Policy Council Program of the Community Food Security Coalition, with support from the USDA Risk Management Agency.
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI);
The competition for limited water resources between agriculture and more highly valued domestic and industrial water uses is rapidly increasing and will likely require the transfer of water out of agriculture. This paper reviews and synthesizes the available evidence of the effects of water transfers from agricultural to urban and industrial areas on local and regional rural economies; and analyzes the possible impacts of a large reallocation on global food supply and demand. It concludes with a discussion of the potential for water policy reform and demand management to minimize adverse impacts when water is reallocated from agriculture. It is argued that comprehensive reforms are required to mitigate the potentially adverse impacts of water transfers for local communities and to sustain crop yield and output growth to meet rising food demands at the global level. Key policy reforms include the establishment of secure water rights to users; the decentralization and privatization of water management functions to appropriate levels; the use of incentives including pricing reform, especially in urban contexts, and markets in tradable property rights; and the introduction of appropriate water-saving technologies.
UC Davis Center for Watershed Sciences;
UC Davis researchers forecast the socio-economic effects of the drought on California agriculture for 2014 and beyond. Economists use computer models and the latest estimates of water deliveries, well-pumping capacities and acres fallowed. The researchers exploit new satellite remote-sensing technologies to estimate fallowed acreage as the drought unfolds.UC Davis researchers forecast the socio-economic effects of the drought on California agriculture for 2014 and beyond. Economists use computer models and the latest estimates of water deliveries, well-pumping capacities and acres fallowed. The researchers exploit new satellite remote-sensing technologies to estimate fallowed acreage as the drought unfolds.
W.K. Kellogg Foundation;
The position of U.S. Secretary of Agriculture has a long, rich history that began several years after creation of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1862. The department was created by President Abraham Lincoln, "to distribute seeds and agricultural information" to U.S. citizens. Lincoln referred to USDA as the "People's Department" because 90 percent of the population was farmers and farm families who needed "good seed and information to grow crops" for their own food and fiber. Farmers still require good information, but the landscape of the department that provides it has changed dramatically. USDA did not attain cabinet status until nearly three decades after Lincoln established it. At that time, half of the nation's workforce were farmers. Most farm commodities were used on the farm or sold domestically. Today, more than 100 years after the first Secretary was named, less than 2 percent of the U.S. labor force is involved in farming. Most Americans now live in metropolitan areas of more than one million people. Farm commodities still are used on the farm and sold in domestic markets, but about one-third now is shipped overseas. USDA still serves farmers' needs, but the department also is responsible for other programs. In fact, about 40 percent of USDA employees work for the U.S. Forest Service, and more than half of the annual budget is spent on domestic food and nutrition programs, such as school lunches and food stamps. "The constituency remains more 'farmer' than anything, but as Secretary you have to view the needs of the whole department," says John Block, USDA Secretary from 1981-1986. "There are less politics within the Secretary of Agriculture's office than in other Cabinet positions, but still some politics."
Community Food Security Coalition;
Urban Agriculture and Community Food Security in the United States: Farming from the City Center To the Urban Fringe is prepared by the Urban Agriculture Committee of the Community Food Security Coalition to raise awareness of the ways that urban agriculture can respond to food insecurity. The document advocates for policies that promote small-scale urban and peri-urban farming, and thereby prepare the next generation of urban farming leaders.
Tiny Beam Fund;
Keywords: GHG emissions. Industrial-scale food animal production. Extensive animal agriculture systems.Scientific literature on greenhouse gas emissions of various forms of animal agriculture systems are synthesized.Explains the complexities of models used to generate estimates of GHGs in these scientific literature, and the reasons why they are not very robust and they contain errors that often go unreported.Points out that high-quality measurements that do exist consistently demonstrate that industrial animal agriculture's emissions are actually higher than typically estimated. Therefore the claim held by many experts and policy-makers that intensifying animal agriculture significantly limits global GHG emissions is unjustified.Cautions about not jumping to the conclusion that extensive, pastoral systems is the perfect answer.
Tiny Beam Fund;
Keywords: GHG emissions. Industrial-scale food animal production. Extensive animal agriculture systems. Highlights of this report or guidance memo: *Scientific literature on greenhouse gas emissions of various forms of animal agriculture systems are synthesized. *Explains the complexities of models used to generate estimates of GHGs in these scientific literature, and the reasons why they are not very robust and they contain errors that often go unreported. *Points out that high-quality measurements that do exist consistently demonstrate that industrial animal agriculture's emissions are actually higher than typically estimated. Therefore the claim held by many experts and policy-makers that intensifying animal agriculture significantly limits global GHG emissions is unjustified. *Cautions about not jumping to the conclusion that extensive, pastoral systems is the perfect answer.