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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO);
The purpose of this report is to help mobilize the concrete and concerted actions required to realize these global agendas. It contributes to a common understanding of the major long-term trends and challenges that will determine the future of food security and nutrition, rural poverty, the efficiency of food systems, and the sustainability and resilience of rural livelihoods, agricultural systems and their natural resource base.
Appalachian Regional Commission;
This data brief was produced by Appalachian Sustainable Agriculture Project (ASAP) for the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) to establish baseline data on trends in local food systems in the Appalachian Region. The tabular and graphic contents of the brief show trends in the Region's food and farm sector between 2007 and 2012, including comparisons between regional and state groupings of counties, ARC counties to their relative states, and the Appalachian Region to national statistics. The purpose of this brief is to provide an overview of trends in data; it is not an analysis of the causes or potential effects of changes over time.All data for this report come from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) Census of Agriculture. The Census of Agriculture provides a crucial source of information on national agricultural trends, collecting uniform data at state and county levels every five years. Nevertheless, the Census of Agriculture is limited in that it does not provide contextual, qualitative information to explain data trends particularly at smaller local and/or regional scales. Therefore, the data in this document should be viewed in light of this limitation - it is just one source of information that can be used to document changes in agriculture in the Appalachian Region.
Headwaters Group Philanthropic Services;
Making strategic and effective grantmaking decisions is not easy. It requires thoughtful analysis. To bring new information and wisdom to philanthropy supporting sustainable agriculture and food system reform, the W.K. Kellogg Foundation (Kellogg) and the funder collaborative Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems Funders (SAFSF) commissioned Headwaters Group Philanthropic Services (Headwaters) to collect and synthesize funding and trends data. The goal in tracking funding trends is to understand who is giving within the community, to what issues, and at what levels. This comprehensive overview is intended to help funders understand gaps and ways to fill them, opportunities for leveraging resources, and ways to build successful strategic alliances with public and private partners. Headwaters worked in collaboration with Virginia Clarke, SAFSF's coordinator, to create this report. It builds on and compares information created in a 2003 funding analysis undertaken by Headwaters while at the same time creating a new baseline of information and a streamlined process that will allow for easier tracking and more in-depth analysis.
Council of Development Finance Agencies;
The following white paper is part of a series that builds the case for creating a defined food systems asset class in order to support the market growth of robust food systems throughout the country. There are significant opportunities for development finance agencies at the state and local level to support food businesses and projects.This paper focuses specifically on bond financing, which is onsidered a 'bedrock tool' by the Council of Development Finance Agencies (CDFA) for the historic and foundational role bonds have played in public financing. Background information on bonds is provided, including different types of bonds, the key players involved in bond deals, and the process by which a bond is sold. Case studies will demonstrate the way in which various types of bonds can support food and agriculture businesses and projects, and also highlight sectors of the food system that could be utilizing bonds more frequently.
Tiny Beam Fund;
Keywords: GHG emissions. Industrial-scale food animal production. Extensive animal agriculture systems.Scientific literature on greenhouse gas emissions of various forms of animal agriculture systems are synthesized.Explains the complexities of models used to generate estimates of GHGs in these scientific literature, and the reasons why they are not very robust and they contain errors that often go unreported.Points out that high-quality measurements that do exist consistently demonstrate that industrial animal agriculture's emissions are actually higher than typically estimated. Therefore the claim held by many experts and policy-makers that intensifying animal agriculture significantly limits global GHG emissions is unjustified.Cautions about not jumping to the conclusion that extensive, pastoral systems is the perfect answer.
Tiny Beam Fund;
Keywords: GHG emissions. Industrial-scale food animal production. Extensive animal agriculture systems. Highlights of this report or guidance memo: *Scientific literature on greenhouse gas emissions of various forms of animal agriculture systems are synthesized. *Explains the complexities of models used to generate estimates of GHGs in these scientific literature, and the reasons why they are not very robust and they contain errors that often go unreported. *Points out that high-quality measurements that do exist consistently demonstrate that industrial animal agriculture's emissions are actually higher than typically estimated. Therefore the claim held by many experts and policy-makers that intensifying animal agriculture significantly limits global GHG emissions is unjustified. *Cautions about not jumping to the conclusion that extensive, pastoral systems is the perfect answer.
First Nations Development Institute;
Since 2012, First Nations Development Institute, with generous support from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, has been implementing a multi-faceted national strategy that seeks to build a sustainable movement in Native communities to address food systems, food insecurity and food deserts. The signature component of this effort is the Native Agriculture and Food Systems Initiative (NAFSI). This evaluation report describes the activities and outcomes of the effort from 2012 through 2014, and provides additional social networking and cluster analyses.
Council of Development Finance Agencies;
Communities and regions around the country are turning to food and agricultural sectors for the opportunities they offer in growing economies, improving public health, addressing social issues, responding to environmental challenges, and celebrating local culture. Financing the diversity of food-related businesses and projects -- from dairyfarms and restaurants to small-scale canneries and seafood processing facilities -- has been difficult in the past, yet a wide range of underutilized resources exist today that can help build a better food system.As part of a white paper series demonstrating the vast potential for applying traditional finance tools to the foodsystem, this paper focuses on tools that are used to target certain geographies, project types, or sectors. This category of targeted financing is described below, followed by a range of case studies showing how these different types of finance can be utilized in local and regional food system development.
Agriculture is the most important sector of Malawi's economy in terms of its contribution to the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP). It accounts for 39% of GDP, contributes over 80% of foreign exchange earnings, employs about 80% of the workforce and contributes significantly to national and household food security (Malawi Government- Agriculture Sector Wide Approach (ASWAp), 2009).
Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA);
This report launched on September 30 during the African Green Revolution Forum (AGRF) in Lusaka, Zambia. This third volume of the publication focuses on youth in agriculture, providing an in-depth analysis of barriers and challenges youth face to gaining secure and sustainable employment or self-employment in the agricultural sector. It also provides insight into opportunities, experiences, good practices and emerging innovations and concludes with forward-looking recommendations.
Community Food Security Coalition;
Urban Agriculture and Community Food Security in the United States: Farming from the City Center To the Urban Fringe is prepared by the Urban Agriculture Committee of the Community Food Security Coalition to raise awareness of the ways that urban agriculture can respond to food insecurity. The document advocates for policies that promote small-scale urban and peri-urban farming, and thereby prepare the next generation of urban farming leaders.
W.K. Kellogg Foundation;
The position of U.S. Secretary of Agriculture has a long, rich history that began several years after creation of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1862. The department was created by President Abraham Lincoln, "to distribute seeds and agricultural information" to U.S. citizens. Lincoln referred to USDA as the "People's Department" because 90 percent of the population was farmers and farm families who needed "good seed and information to grow crops" for their own food and fiber. Farmers still require good information, but the landscape of the department that provides it has changed dramatically. USDA did not attain cabinet status until nearly three decades after Lincoln established it. At that time, half of the nation's workforce were farmers. Most farm commodities were used on the farm or sold domestically. Today, more than 100 years after the first Secretary was named, less than 2 percent of the U.S. labor force is involved in farming. Most Americans now live in metropolitan areas of more than one million people. Farm commodities still are used on the farm and sold in domestic markets, but about one-third now is shipped overseas. USDA still serves farmers' needs, but the department also is responsible for other programs. In fact, about 40 percent of USDA employees work for the U.S. Forest Service, and more than half of the annual budget is spent on domestic food and nutrition programs, such as school lunches and food stamps. "The constituency remains more 'farmer' than anything, but as Secretary you have to view the needs of the whole department," says John Block, USDA Secretary from 1981-1986. "There are less politics within the Secretary of Agriculture's office than in other Cabinet positions, but still some politics."