This paper builds on TrustAfrica funded research regarding the legislative environment for non-governmental organizations. The first section of this paper provides a brief overview of the recent history of state-civil society relations in Africa. The second section examines the current trend in repressive NGO legislation in Zambia, Ethiopia, and Zimbabwe, which include: (1) barriers to entry; (2) barriers to operational activity and free speech; and (3) barriers to resources. The third and final section frames this trend within the history of democratization in Africa and identifies new directions for research and analysis.
The Center for Democracy and Civil Society at Georgetown University
Africa (Eastern) / Ethiopia
Africa (Southern) / Zambia
Africa (Southern) / Zimbabwe
Copyright 2010 The Center for Democracy and Civil Society at Georgetown University.
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